Simptomi i faktori rizika za dijabetes PDF Ispis E-mail
Autor Redakcija   

Dijabetes je bolest u kojoj Vaše tijelo ne može pravilno koristiti hranu koju jedete radi dobijanja energije. Vaše stanice trebaju energiju za život i rast. Kada jedete, hrana se pretvara u vrstu energije zvanu glukoza. Glukoza je druga riječ za šećer. Glukoza ide u krv i Vaš šećer u krvi raste. Inzulin je hormon koji stvara Vaš pankreas. On pomaže glukozi da se premjesti iz krvi u stanice kako bi ga Vaše tijelo moglo koristiti kao energiju. Ljudi ne mogu živjeti bez inzulina.

 

Postoje tri glavna tipa dijabetesa:

• Kod dijabetesa tipa 1, pankreas ne stvara inzulin.

• Kod dijabetesa tipa 2, pankreas ne stvara dovoljno inzulina ili Vaš tijelo nije u stanju koristiti inzulin koji stvara pankreas.

• Kod gestacijskog dijabetesu (trudnički dijabetes), za vrijeme trudnoće majčino tijelo ne može stvoriti dovoljno inzulina da pokrije potrebe i majke i djeteta.

 

Faktori rizika za dijabetes

Vi ste pod povećanim rizikom od dobijanja dijabetesa ako ste:

• iz porodice gdje drugi imaju dijabetes,

• prekomjerne težine,

• preko 40 godina starosti,

• neaktivni,

• imali dijabetes za vrijeme trudnoće (gestacijski dijabetes) ili je tek rođena beba bila teža od 4 kilograma i više,

• afričkog, azijskog, latino ili porijekla sa Pacifičkih ostrva.

 

Simptomi dijabetesa

• Velika žeđ;

• Osjećaj umora;

• Često korištenje toaleta zbog uriniranja;

• Zamagljen vid;

• Gubitak težine;

• Rane sporo zarastaju;

• Konstantna glad;

• Svrab kože;

• Infekcije;

• Utrnulost ili štipanje u stopalima i/ili rukama;

• Problemi sa seksualnom aktivnošću.

Često ljudi nemaju simptoma čak iako im je nivo šećera u krvi visok. Možete provjeriti da li imate dijabetes putem nalaza krvi.

 

Vaša njega

Cilj je održati Vaš nivo glukoze što je moguće bliže normali. Vaša njega može uključiti:

• planiranje obroka,

• testiranje nivoa glukoze,

• upoznati simptome, da znate kad Vam je nivo glukoze prenizak ili previsok,

• vježbanje,

• uzimanje lijekova – inzulin ili tablete,

• odlasci na preglede kod svog tima za zdravstvenu njegu,

• pohađanje časova o dijabetesu.

 

Izvor: www.healthinfotranslations.org.

 

www.medicina.ba

2009-07-29 

Komentari (66)
  • Metodi
    Imam 44 god. (rodjen sam 1965) prvi put sam izmerio secer pre 10 dana i iznosio mi je 10.3 Zelim da znam dali je to opasno i u kojoj meri i kako da se hranim i cime. Imam i erektilnu disfunkciju i zanima me dali mogu i kako da popravim to jer sam jos mlad da bih imao to. Unapred se zahvaljujem, pozdrav
  • aleksandar  - re:
    Metodi napisao:
    Imam 44 god. (rodjen sam 1965) prvi put sam izmerio secer pre 10 dana i iznosio mi je 10.3 Zelim da znam dali je to opasno i u kojoj meri i kako da se hranim i cime. Imam i erektilnu disfunkciju i zanima me dali mogu i kako da popravim to jer sam jos mlad da bih imao to. Unapred se zahvaljujem, pozdrav
  • Anoniman
    imam 20 godina.Imam neke od simptoma diabetesa kao npr-nasledni
    faktor,konstantna zedj,hronicni umor i nemogu da dobiem na tezini.Kada sam izmerio bio je malo iznad prosjeka.TREBAM LI DA BRINEM
  • Anoniman
    imam 32 godine i visok secer
  • bojan
    imam 32 godine otac mije dijabeticar na pojedinim testovima se javljao povisen secer kod mene ne stalno k
  • Anoniman  - re: re:
    aleksandar napisao:
    [quote=Metodi]Imam 44 god. (rodjen sam 1965) prvi put sam izmerio secer pre 10 dana i iznosio mi je 10.3 Zelim da znam dali je to opasno i u kojoj meri i kako da se hranim i cime. Imam i erektilnu disfunkciju i zanima me dali mogu i kako da popravim to jer sam jos mlad da bih imao to. Unapred se zahvaljujem, pozdrav
    [/quote]
  • Snezana  - Dali imam secer
    U zadnjem periodu izlozena sam jako stresnim situacijama u porodici skoro svakodnevno.Prilikom nervoze osetila sam da mi je usta suha, a kad kad osetim svrab na kozi i zamagjen vid, kao i povecani pritisak.Napravila sam laboratoriske preglede i ispostovala pravilo da 14-15 sati pre laboratorije nisam nista jela.Rezultati su bili sledeci:
    Glikoza : 5.47
    Trigliceridi : 2.90
    Ukupni holesterol: 6.33
    Ocekujen Vas strucni savet i odgovor o cemu se radi.Unapred hvala.
  • Milan  - Nista strasno
    Normalni nivoi secera su mislim od 4.2 do 6.1, tako da je tvoj 5.47 sasvim normalna vrednost. A susenej usta je povezano sa stresom i anksioznoscu, tako da ne treba da brines.
  • Dina  - koji organi mogu da mi obole od konstantno visokog
    Imam 47 godina i moj secer jutarnji prije jela iznosi 27 poslje dorucka je preko 33 tako da glukometar nemoze da ga izmjeri sa 50 unita inzulina tri puta dnevno prosjek je oko 17 brine me koji organi mogu da mi stradaju od tako visokog secera
    dali to sto zaboravljam ima neke veze sa visokom secerom i dali su bolvi u nogama popratni faktor
  • zana  - veoma zabrinuta
    moj otac ima 43 gidina i ima secer u krvi 24.5 dali je to puno kakve mogu biti posledice toga,i sta treba da se uradi da bi mu se stanje popravilo
  • Nera  - Zabrinuta!
    Imam 48 godina u zadnje vrijeme osjecam trnce u nogama.Nemogu nikako smirit noge.Ponekad mi se zamagli u ocima.Nisam nikad mjerila secer.Zanima me dal ti simptomi mogu doci od neceg drugog ili bas od povisenog secera.Imam isto i prosirene vene.Eto to je to ako neko moze pomoc hvala mu mnogo!
  • Anoniman  - re: re:
    aleksandar napisao:
    [quote=Metodi]Imam 44 god. (rodjen sam 1965) prvi put sam izmerio secer pre 10 dana i iznosio mi je 10.3 Zelim da znam dali je to opasno i u kojoj meri i kako da se hranim i cime. Imam i erektilnu disfunkciju i zanima me dali mogu i kako da popravim to jer sam jos mlad da bih imao to. Unapred se zahvaljujem, pozdrav
    [/quote]
  • robert  - dijabetes
    prije nekolko tjedana sam bio u medicini rad da bi izvadio ljecnicku potvrdu i mjerili su mi seecer i imao sam 6.1 ali sam prije toga pojeo pola kile tresanja trebam li brinuti
  • ljiljana  - simptomi
    Zdravo!
    Imam 19 godina ponekada mi se suse usta, i imam zamagljen vid, ne bas puno. Jednon prilikom sam mjerila secer i bio je 6.1 (mislim) ali sam prije toga uzela malo voca. Zanima me koji su jos simptomi za tu bolest i koje su normalne vrijednosti?
  • Ada  - molim za savjet
    Konstantno vec 10 mjeseci secer mi se krece od 6 do 7 ujutro. koristim cimet sa karanfilicem i smrekove bobice svaki dan ali ostaje na tome. Citala sam cimet sa jogurtom... ne znam ali znam da zelim da ga prirodno rijesim da ne idem na tablete... molim vas ako mozete da mi posaljete odgovor na meil.
    Unapred zahvalna
    Suada
  • Suada  - secer u krvi
    Molim vas da mi odgovorite konstantno vec 10 mjeseci secer mi se krece od 6 do 7 ujutro. koristim cimet, bobicve kleke ali isto ostaje, smrsala sam dosta i pokusavam da ne jedem ugljene hidrate, slatkise sam potpuno izbacila.
    Molim vas kako da koristim cimet jer sam citala sa jogurtom??
    Unapred se zahvaljujem
    Suada
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