"Berlinsko srce" spašava djecu PDF Ispis E-mail

Korištenjem pumpe koje se uklapa sa veličinom pacijentovog srca, ovaj aparat podržava bolesno srce pomoću tuba zakačenih kroz grudi.


Studija objavljena u New England časopisu za medicinu pokazala je sigurnost i dobrobiti male srčane pumpe koja je razvijena u Njemačkoj i nazvana „Berlinsko srce“. U studiji je učestvovalo 17 institucija iz Sjeverne Amerike i Evrope, a predvodili su je ljekari iz Hjustona, sa univerziteta Bejlor i iz Dječje bolnice u Teksasu.

Marko Murgija, star 16 godina, sada može da igra košarku i normalno živi. Međutim, kada je imao 10 godina, njegova majka Koni Murgija uočila je da se on ponaša usporeno i odvela ga je u Dječju bolnicu u Hjustonu u Teksasu. „Njegovo srce nije pumpalo dovoljno krvi i bio je blijed.“

Ljekari su rekli da Markovo srce počinje da slabi i stavili su ga na listu za transplantaciju. Ali, čekanje na dječje srce može da se oduži i Marko je proveo tri mjeseca na „Berlinskom srcu“. Korištenjem pumpe koje se uklapa sa veličinom pacijentovog srca, ovaj aparat podržava bolesno srce pomoću tuba zakačenih kroz grudi. Doktor Čarls Frejzer, glavni hirurg u Teksaškoj dječjoj bolnici bio je glavni istraživač u najnovijoj studiji. „Naše srce napravljeno je tako da ubrizgava količinu krvi koja je potrebna organizmu pa je ta pumpa napravljena tako da bude prilagođena veličini pacijentovog srca.“

Obično se djeca kojoj je potrebna transplantacija srca, održavaju u životu tako što su pod sedativima i nepokretna su, ali to je moguće samo nekoliko sedmica. Međutim, sa „Berlinskim srcem“ pacijenti ostaju budni dok ih pumpa održava u životu tokom 192 dana. „Krv putuje kroz cijev u pumpnu komoru i dalje kroz cijev, to je jednosmjerna cijev, krv jedino može da ide u smjeru strelica i nazad u tijelo.“

Doktor Frejzer prvi put je upotrijebio „Berlinsko srce“ prije sedam godina na novorođenčetu. „Pacijent je umirao. Bili smo u mogućnosti da mu ugradimo taj aparat, i to aparat ove veličine. On je postepeno dostigao transplantaciju srca i sada je dobro.“

Iako je u studiji ustanovljeno da je oko 30 posto pacijenata koji su koristili aparat doživjelo lakši moždani udar, doktor Frejzer kaže da je taj nivo rizika prihvatljiv jer je procenat preživljavanja prilikom korištenja pumpe mnogo veći. „Djeca koja se nalaze na listi za transplantaciju srca, ako ga ne dobiju, neće preživjeti.“

Doktor Frejzer je izrazio nadu da će dalja ispitivanja dovesti do još boljih aparata tako da će djeca, kao što je Marko Murgija, moći da prežive i uživaju u aktivnom, zdravijem životu.

 

Izvor: VoA News

www.medicina.ba

25.09.2012.

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